The unique tolerance of the prophet Muhammad was not only conducted with the chiefs of Quraish, men and women, however; it extended to include many of the chiefs of the different tribes.
In the course of this research paper, I will shed light on three of the prominent foes and most harmful to the prophet Muhammad.
Malik ibn `Awf An-Nasry:
The prophet's attitude to Malik ibn `Awf, the chief of Hawazin tribes, was beyond imagination.
Malik was the chief of Hawazin tribes and was a dangerous chief of the Arabs. Ha managed collect an army of the tribes of Hawazin and its aides along with Thaqif tribe and others. The army amounted to 25 thousand warriors, the largest Arab army.
Malik prompted the army to the extent they took their women, wealth and livestock with them to the battlefield as a means not to flee. This means they sacrifice all their gains to fight Muslims. Malik was determined to eradicate Muslims that he made precise planning. Near Hunain Valley, Malik along with his army confronted Muslims harshly.
The plan of Malik was about to succeed to the extent that Muslims were harmed too much that never before happened to them. The Islamic existence was subject to vanish and the prophet Muhammad was about to die.
Indeed, it is the most difficult crisis!!
However, Allah, Almighty, willed to endow victory to Muslims after a fierce conflict and Hawazin and Thaqif tribes fled away and Malik himself did the same and they all joined to the forts of At-Taef.
The righteousness of the prophet Muhammad to Malik ibn `Awf
At the time Malik fled, Hawazin tribe sought Islam as primarily it aimed at regaining its women and livestock that Muslims captured as captives and spoils.
Now Malik found himself alone after he was settled chief. He found himself without wealth or tribe. Moreover, he is refugee to another tribe, namely, Thaqif where he feels not safety. He experienced the most psychological defeat never found before as a leader.
In the course of this shameful condition of Malik, there was somebody thinking of him.
He is the prophet Muhammad!!
The prophet asked about Malik ibn `Awf. His people replied: Malik is settled at At-Taef in impregnable forts while afraid.
As usual, the prophet said: inform Malik that if he came as a Muslim, I will give back his family, wealth and one hundred camels. Is that attitude of the prophet Muhammad imaginable?!
Can any body expect an attitude like that from a victorious leader toward a defeated one?!!
Globally, leaders find pleasant to try, inflicting punishment and humiliate the chiefs of their foes. But, it does not pass through the minds of the chiefs worldwide for a victorious leader to treat with kindness a defeated one and give him generously!!
At that moment, Malik ibn `Awf found deliverance I the words of the prophet Muhammad, so, Malik came to the prophet and embraced Islam. The prophet accepted him without any condition. The prophet has not rebuked, treated roughly, or enquired Malik about any thing!!
Moreover; the prophet Muhammad treated Malik in noble character, the prophet made Malik the chief of Hawazin tribe once again and, also, entrusted him with a serious military mission, that it is, besiege At-Taef!!
The prophet Muhammad considered the leading characteristics of Malik and valued highly his reputation, prestige and value. The prophet has not overlooked the competencies of Malik as some leaders globally do out of haughtiness and arrogance.
Instantly, the prophet Muhammad overlooked the bad history of Malik and treated him as a venerable leader and directed his efforts towards the welfare work instead of spreading corruption in land.
How prosperity brought upon Muslims! How prosperity brought upon Hawazin! How prosperity brought upon Malik ibn `Awf!
Now, is it feasible to any body to accuse Muslims of not recognizing or valuing the other! And, does the history of whatever nation include attitudes like those of our venerable prophet Muhammad!?
The truth is plain and the issue is clear, but most of people are blind.
- It is a valley located between At-Taef and Mecca. The prophet fought the tribe Hawazin after the Opening of Mecca at that valley and defeated them in a famous battle.
- Review: At-Tabari (Tarikh Al-Umam Wal-Muluk- The history of nations and kings), 2/174.
Send your comment