Safwan ibn Umayah was not too different from `Ikrimah ibn Abi-Jahl that his father was very repellent to the prophet Muhammad, but he was killed in Badr battle. Thus, Safwan followed the example of his father that he did every effort confronting Islam and took part in Uhud battle where he along with Khaled ibn Al-Walid encircled Muslims and had a hand in killing seventy of the prophet's companions at that battle. Safwan participated in Al-Ahzab battle and persecution of Muslims inside Mecca.
Moreover, Safwan plotted against the prophet Muhammad to kill him that he undertook the expenses of the children of his cousin `Umair ibn Wahb and payment of his debt in exchange for killing the prophet Muhammad.
Such trial failed as `Umair embraced Islam when the prophet Muhammad disclosed the secret discourse between him and Safwan concluded in Hijr Al-Ka`bah (short semi-circular wall adjacent to the Ka`bah and considered part of it)
The Prophet Muhammad's righteousness to Safwan ibn Umayah
Days passed and Mecca was opened which caused Safwan to flee. At that moment, Safwan found no recourse in Mecca and knew for certain he will not be welcomed at any place in Arabian Peninsula as Islam spread everywhere.
Accordingly, Safwan decided to throw himself into the sea to die therein. Safwan along with his servant Yasar headed to the Red Sea. Safwan was psychologically vanquished to extreme extent. From a far distance, Safwan observed a man following him. He became frightened and addressed his servant: Woe be to you, explore it. The servant replied: this is `Umair ibn Wahb. Saewan commented: I wonder what he seeks?! Indeed, he came to kill me as he embraced Islam and supported Muhammad against me.
`Umair arrived at Saewan where the latter addressed the former: was not sufficient that you burdened me with debt and the expenses of your children and eventually you came to kill me! `Umair said: May I be scarified to you! I came to you from the most dutiful and righteous person, namely the prophet Muhammad. When `Umair observed that his cousin and old friend Safwan fleeing from Mecca, he felt compassionate to him. Thus, `Umair went to the prophet Muhammad and sought his forgiveness saying: O Messenger of Allah! The master of my peoples fled intending to throw him self into the sea that he feared be not safe on your part. O Messenger of Allah! Let my father and mother be sacrificed to you. At that moment, the prophet said: I declare him safe.
In that way, in very simple action, Safwan is declared safe as it happened with `Ikrimah.
It is not a matter of incidental situation. In brief, it is a course of life.
`Umair said to Safwan: the prophet Muhammad declares you safe, but Safwan was frightened to the extent he said to `Umair: by Allah! I will not be back with you until you prove it.
`Umair went back to the prophet and told him about the matter. The prophet replied: take my turban to him. `Umair took the turban of the prophet and proceeded to Safwan until he reached there. `Umair said: O Aba-Wahb! I came from the most righteous, dutiful and patient that his glory will be yours, his dignity will be yours and his holdings will be yours and you both are descended from one ancestor, you should keep your blood saved.
Helplessly, Safwan said: I fear being killed!
`Umair addressed Safwan: the prophet Muhammad asks you to embrace Islam, otherwise you are declared safe for two months respite.
Let's closely examine this noble offer of the prophet Muhammad to Safwan that if he embraced Islam, the whole case will be closed that is he enjoys all privileges of Muslims. On the other hand, if Safwan refuses to embrace Islam, he will be given respite for two months to contemplate on the matter while safe.
Safwan together with `Umair returned to the prophet Muhammad and entered the sacred mosque at time of afternoon prayer; they both stopped until the prophet finishes the prayer. At that moment, Safwan addressed `Umair: how many prayers daily you perform. `Umair said: five prayers. Saewan said: Muhammad is your leader? Safwan said: yes.
When the prophet finished prayer, Safwan called on the prophet Muhammad saying: O Muhammad! `Umair brought your turban to me claiming that it is your desire to let me come that I am optioned to embrace Islam or to be given respite for two months. The prophet leniently replied: draw near to me, Aba-Wahb. The afraid Safwan said to the prophet:I will not do it until you comment on my words. The prophet Muhammad commented: your respite is four months.
Actually, the prophet Muhammad declared Safwan safe for full four months to contemplate on Islam.
It happened that the prophet Muhammad went to Hunain battle and he was in need to weapons and hauberks. safwan was a prominent weapon merchant in Mecca, the prophet asked the weapon of Safwan for a loan. The prophet did not make use of his weakness condition and powerless and being almost among the few in Mecca in a state of disbelief.
Safwan went with Muslims to Hunain to take care of his weapons. Muslims were defeated primarily, but soon they got victory and gained unheard spoils.
The prophet acted as never a leader throughout history did that he distributed spoils in full to Muslims keeping nothing to himself.
The prophet gave Al-Mu'allafati Qulubuhum (those whose hearts are inclined to Islam) one hundred camels and one hundred sheep that they became very astonished to the extent their leaders went to the prophet asking more, the prophet gave them. At that moment, from afar, Safwan monitoring distribution of spoils as he is still polytheist and has no right except the rent for his weapon. At a moment, something astonishing to Safwan, the attendance and to people till the Day of Judgment has occurred. To illustrate; the prophet Muhammad called on Safwan and gave him one hundred camels the same the Muslim leaders of Mecca were given. Is that attitude of the prophet Muhammad expected from any other body whatever his generosity was?! However; the matter was not concluded, the prophet Muhammad observed that Safwan is still looking to a mountain pass of Hunain wherein camels and sheep were crowded. Safwan was dazzled at the scene, the prophet addressed Safwan leniently: O Aba-Wahb! You find this mountain pass satisfactory? Safwan replied: yes. Indeed, Safwan can not disdain or deny it as the view is really wonderful. Very simply, the prophet Muhammad said to Safwan: the mountains pass and its content are yours. It was astounding surprise to Safwan and now the truth he refused for long years became plain to him. Safwan commented on the Prophet Muhammad's action: no body can do this unless prophets, I testify that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the servant and Messenger of Allah. Safwan (May Allah be pleased with him) embraced Islam at his place.
Safwan relates the incident himself: by Allah! The prophet Muhammad gave me and he is the most detest to me. But to keep giving me, he became the most beloved to me.
How advantage Safwan got! How advantageous was the tribe of Bani Jumah when their leader, namely Safwan embraced Islam! How advantages do people of Mecca got! How advantage Muslims got by Safwan's Islam, the Meccan leader, namely Safwan who became a sincere Muslim and strived in the cause of Allah?!
These advantages were secured by only some camels and sheep who are worthless that they whether to die or to be eaten. The whole life perishes but not the blessing of paradise. How many people will eternally be in paradise as one day they were given some of camels and sheep.
Is not that attitude of the prophet explores his view to the world and after world life, to humans and cattle?!
Is not the prophet right?
Camels in comparison to Islam!
The world life in comparison to the hereafter!
The prophet knew for certain that the whole spoils are insignificant in exchange for Islam, thus he viewed it insignificantly. The whole life is less than the wing of mosquito in the sight of the prophet. This was not a theoretical attitude, however; it was practically observed throughout his life and the life of his companions and those dealt with Muslims be non-Muslims or Muslims. The prophet kept nothing for himself. Accordingly; nomads hurried to him seeking spoils before consumption to the extent they may impel him to hide behind a tree and a nomad grabbed his robe. At that moment, the prophet in lenient said to them: (O people! Give back my robe. By the one in whose hand is my soul! If it were to me to possess cattle equal to Tihamah's tress, I would distribute it amongst you in co state of stinginess, cowardice or lying)
Truthful is the prophet Muhammad. The prophet never was stingy, coward or liar.
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