Who can hold the sea in a cup?
The cultural contributions of Muslims throughout their lofty history represent the peak of progress and advancement of civilization than any other civilization. On discussing the Islamic civilization, we do not discuss an ordinary civilization that has parallels, rather we discuss the "Ideal Civilization".
So long as the early Muslims provided the world with the most advanced and ideal civilization through their superiority and religious, moral and scientific excellence, we should demonstrate it to Muslims and non-Muslims globally. In this regard, this lecture is uploaded by Islam story web site supervised by Dr. Ragheb El Sergani on the Islamic contribution to humane civilization during the agenda of the 26th Annual Conference of French Muslims. It is organized by the Muslim Organizations Union in France, Le Bourget, northern Paris, on April 2009. The title of the lecture is "Religion in the contemporary societies in terms of the similarity and dissimilarity of values". The conference is deemed the most significant one of its kind for Muslims in Europe. It was the setting of about 150 thousand Europe Muslims worldwide.
Muslims Contributions to the Humane Civilization
There are different kinds of the Muslim contributions to the humane civilization in the variant sciences. For example; creed, thought, morals and ethics, law and human rights, courts, beauty, literature, and the variant sciences in its experimental and legislative kinds. There are thousands of examples on the Islamic civilization that might come within such variant branches of these fields which hold thousands of lectures and lessons. However, due to the lecture limited time, Dr. Ragheb El-Sergani is content of demonstrating just outlines of the Muslim contributions to the scientific civilization.
The Muslim contributions to the scientific civilization
It may be remarkable at the first sight that the Islamic civilized course started with the word "Read", follows five Quranic verses talks about science. A statistic for the number of the world "science" and its derivations in the noble Quran, it was found that it was repeated 779 times, that is averaging 7 times a chapter. It ranks the second after the word "Allah". This in fact reflects the significance of knowledge in the Islamic civilization.
Consequently, Muslim scholars got this fact very well and then contributed uniquely to the humane history in terms of science in countless volumes that is can never be delivered at one lecture.
The public libraries in Islam
Islam contributed to humanity to a very great degree, that is it made the issue of knowledge a public one. To illustrate, before the advent of Islam, scientists, like Aristotle, Plato, Socrates and others used to seek seclusion from the public who in turn keep aloof from seeking knowledge. On the other hand, Islam encouraged seeking knowledge that is Allah, the Almighty, made it obligatory upon every Muslim man and woman to seek knowledge. Based on that, Muslims established the "Public Libraries" which were open and available for the common unlike civilizations before Islam.
Library of Baghdad
It was the first public library and was the most enormous one globally for successive five centuries. It was not restricted to the sciences of Shariah only; however, it included the daily life sciences, like Medicine, engineering, astronomy, physics and others. More over, it included centers of translation from Greek, Persian, Indian and other languages to Arabic or from Arabic to other prevailing languages at that time. Furthermore, it contained huge halls for the purpose of lectures and debates and thousands of laborers and employees. This took place during the 2nd AH/ 9th AD.
Library of Baghdad was not the only one in the Islamic civilization; however, there were many scientific superior ones, not only in Baghdad, but also in many different Muslim lands. For example, Library of "House of Science, Darul-`Elm" in Cairo, "Cordoba Library" in Andalusia and "Tripoli Library" in Lebanon. It is worth mentioning that such libraries were unparalleled among the other civilizations.
In the event that this is the case of the Public Libraries, the Islamic Civilization had other types of libraries, namely the Private Libraries. Such type is owned to certain people. the most renowned one in this respect is the library of Abu-Al-Fadl ibn Al-`Amid (300 – 360 A.H) in city of Al-Ray and the library of As-Sahib ibn `Abbad (326 – 385 A.H) who was a friend to ibn Al-`Amid.
Medicine in the Islamic Civilization
When talking about medicine in the Islamic civilization, it is worth mentioning to refer to the first hospital in history. Such hospital was founded by Muslims in the era of the Umayyad caliph Al-Walid ibn `Abdilmalik (May Allah be merciful with him) who died on 90 A.H (1st A.H/ 7th A.D) in Damascus. On the other hand, the first European hospital was founded in Paris in France during the 18th A.D.
Throughout the lecture, Dr. Ragheb highlighted many of the significant contributions of Muslims to the civilization of humanity. The uniqueness of the superiority of medicine to Muslims was not restricted to such branch only. However, Muslims were pioneers in the different branches and fields of knowledge, for example, astronomy, chemistry, geography, mathematics and architecture and others in some Muslim cities, like Cordoba, and fez.
Dr. Ragheb tackled all these fields in a wonderful way.
In short, civilization of Islam is the ideal civilization among those globally. This is because it combines both the sciences of religion and life, namely it combines between the how-to build a factory and how-to build a man.
None globally listened to this lecture can do any thing but to be more assured that his civilization is that of the best nation created to people.